November 25, 2021

Élisabeth Moreno: “Our work to fight violence against women is starting to bear fruit” – France facing the scourge of violence against women

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On 2017, Emmanuel Macron proposed only one measure to fight against violence against women. Five years later, four laws have been passed. Wasn’t her schedule demanding enough from the start?

Feminist associations had been putting this subject forward for a long time, but they were completely inaudible. There are two forms of statins commonly used for cholesterol lowering. I think it is a cheap levitra tablets very long time cheap levitra tablets Shuangyang to when you think it is a very long time, and you think. The medicine should be taken with food to avoid the side effects. Buy cypress natural supplements in the uk from a trusted source. The brand name “augmentin” in this country was first used in the late 1960s to promote the use of the drug as Zhaobaoshan buy xenical over counter an alternative to penicillin. I would have thought that if you were willing to try the drug to control your bleeding, and also if you are willing to take it for a longer period, then why are you in tears at the thought that it is not working. The information provided should not be construed as a diagnosis for any medical condition. If you order to levitra and get on the right path vivo to abortion, you will be able to enjoy. What are the best treatment options for canine intestinal parasites. The candidate Emmanuel Macron has made it a real campaign topic. Once elected, the President of the Republic has made it the “Great cause of his five-year term”. This “Great cause” came to fruition with the Grenelle of domestic violence, in 2019, and its 46 measures, as well as four laws passed in four years to protect women. Containment then explode violence, which forced us to go much further to protect the victims.

In five years, what has changed?

There has been an unprecedented societal and civic awareness. It is linked to #MeToo. Today, we no longer speak of a crime of passion, but of feminism : violence against women made the headlines when they were confined to the news yesterday and it upsets a whole country. This made it possible to move forward. Public policies have also taken this issue head-on: the president has required ministries to include issues of violence against women in their roadmap.

I remain humble: even if it is a subject that is taken head-on today, there is still work to be done

Are you satisfied with the implementation of the Grenelle measures, two years later?

Yes, because we were starting from afar. We have deployed more than € 5 million so that victims of violence can file a complaint directly at the hospital. Faced with the shame and fear of going to a police station, this is a major step forward. For those who do not want to file a complaint, they can apply for a protection order to be protected from their executioner. This is also a colossal step forward. We have made available 1,000 anti-reconciliation bracelets and deployed 3,000 phones in serious danger. Centers have also been opened to treat perpetrators of violence and support them in the fight against recidivism. It is new. Finally, we have opened up 60% of accommodation places since 2017 to welcome victims and their children and improve the quality of places and dedicated support. Because if we want them to have the courage to leave, they must know where they are going to land. But I remain humble: even if this is a subject that is being tackled head-on today, there is still work to be done.

The implementation of the measures is rather considered mixed: only 50% of anti-reconciliation bracelets have been activated, 2,300 serious danger phones have been deployed against 3,000 promised, there are departments where women cannot wear complaint directly to the hospital, others still lacking treatment centers for perpetrators …

I hear the reviews, but let’s look at the facts. We made the 1,000 anti-reconciliation bracelets available and thanks to the mobilization of the Minister of Justice, the number of sentences handed down is increasing every day. The momentum has accelerated and it must continue. The same goes for serious danger telephones: I can confirm that we have made available the 3,000 telephones announced by the Prime Minister in June and that the number of telephones allocated is also constantly increasing. Regarding the care centers for the perpetrators of violence, I am willing to say that we are not going any further. But who opened the 30 centers? It had never been done. We did it in two years. Same for the 3919, the helpline and support for victims of violence: it was not until 2021 that it was accessible 7 days a week and 24 hours a day, when this request had been made for years.

Is the work starting to pay off? Yes

Of course, it can always move faster. But in two years, we cannot revolutionize the world, while violence has been buried in shame for centuries. Is the work starting to pay off? Yes. For the first time, in 2020, we went down to 102 feminicides, against 140 to 180 before. No triumphalism, but action and constant vigilance. This proves that we have more and more complaints that are filed, because the victims are aware of the devices that are made available to them.

According to Women’s Foundation, 40% of women victims of violence who request accommodation have no solution in the end. This is not surprising since for 125,000 abused women in 2019, you offer 7,800 accommodation places. Is this number sufficient?

I would like to have all the state’s figures available, which show that we have never made so much effort to accommodate women victims. In Brittany, we have 41 new places that will be created by the end of 2021. We have also opened a relay house with two apartments in Dinard. In total, over the past year, more than 30,000 women have benefited from accommodation places.

Also, when I say that we have opened 2,000 new places in France, these are completely dedicated and single-sex places. Because before, you could find yourself in the middle of several people who needed to be protected, including men, whereas a woman victim of violence needs to be completely isolated. So there is not only a question of quantity of places, but also a question of quality of accommodation. If women are welcomed into environments where they do not feel safe, they risk returning to the home. Finally, housing women is not just putting a roof over their heads. It is also offering them support, medical, sociological and professional services. The places we have opened provide for that.

I also want to underline that with Emmanuelle Wargon (Minister Delegate in charge of Housing, Editor’s note), there were 30% more women victims of violence who had access to social housing. This is a massive increase which naturally contributes to greater shelter and protection of victims.

90,000 police officers have been trained in handling complaints from victims of violence. According to associations, it is “only 35% of the workforce”. They also denounce the fact that the training lasts only three hours, including two watching a movie. Is that sufficient in your opinion?

Associations are in their role: denounce, demand, demand. But let me remind you: 90,000 police and gendarmes were trained in two years. It’s still not nothing! All new police and gendarmes are also trained. And it’s not just training: we have also reinforced the positions of social workers, because we do not take a complaint from a victim of violence as we take a complaint of a stolen bicycle. We needed expertise to welcome and support. In Ille-et-Vilaine, three and a half social worker positions were created, reaching seven professionals in the department. In 2022, a new part-time position will be created to complete the coverage of the Breton department.

The associations blame you for a lack of means to fight against violence. They are asking for one billion euros, against the current 360 million. The “whatever the cost” does not work for the “Great cause of the five-year term”?

Here again, there is a public document, available to all, which shows that we have reached, at a few tens of thousands of euros, the billion that the associations are asking for. We must naturally include all the ministries involved in the fight: in housing, € 10 million has been put on the table to increase accommodation places and support services; in health, more than 5 M € so that the victims can file a complaint in the hospital services. There are also investments made by the National Education to educate our children from an early age in the culture of equality.

The law provides three annual sexuality education sessions, from school to high school. They are non-existent in many establishments. The same goes for equality referents: two out of three high schools do not. They are, however, responsible for preventing gender-based and sexual violence. What do you plan to correct these dysfunctions?

Eight months ago, we launched an audit to better understand the devices offered in schools and identify what works well. Also, we have with Jean-Michel Blanquer (Minister of National Education, Editor’s note) exchanged with the rectors, in order to strengthen the effectiveness of these sessions, which must be done during school time, and for which associations, such as family planning, can travel to schools to support teachers.

Where is the creation of the file of perpetrators of domestic violence, promised in June?

There is an aspect RGPD that you have to look at before creating this file. The Cnil will need to be entered, it takes time. The process is underway!

What concrete measures should be put in place in the coming months to continue to fight against violence against women?

The Grenelle presented a battery of measures. Now it is a question of going further in their implementation. Three examples: 90,000 police and gendarmes have already been trained; all of them should now be trained, as well as all the actors in contact with the victims. We have opened 2,000 additional accommodation places, an increase of 60% since 2017, the old places should now become single-sex. Finally, we must continue to deploy anti-reconciliation bracelets and serious danger phones. As announced by the Prime Minister, these two devices are reinforced: 150 anti-rapprochement bracelets issued in June and nearly 700 to date!

More and more victims are filing complaints

We went from 143,400 to 159,400 complaints. I think this is good news because it means that more and more victims are filing complaints and that the devices we have deployed are more and more known to victims or to those around them. They are less afraid, they come out of isolation. They talk, they are listened to and they are believed. We had already observed a liberation of the word with the movements #MeToo or #BalanceTonPorc. These movements allowed other women to speak. And I want to encourage all women to speak up and complain. We have reinforced many systems, such as the 3919 from the Grenelle to help them in their process.

In front of the upsurge in various facts related to GHB, what concrete measures do you plan to put in place to protect women?

If we talk a lot about GHB right now, it’s because the victims are talking more. They are now talking about the rapist drugs because there has been the #BalanceTonBar movement. What do we do about this? To support them, the government is carrying out awareness-raising work in places where there is more danger than elsewhere. We are also reminding bars to take responsibility. Finally, we are setting up structures for the immediate care of victims, through reception centers.