The importance of the family in the development of children
The family has a great impact on the growth of children. On their emotional and social development. The family shapes the way they think, the way they make decisions, the way they behave and even their outlook on life.
The environment in which a child grows up defines him as a person. Therefore, the importance of the family in its development is essential.
Having a family is a legitimate and fundamental right of a child. This is because through the family, children learn the basic principles of living together.
Children also learn the skills necessary to develop their potential as individuals and to cope with adulthood in society.
What is the family?
It is the first environment where human beings interact with other people, in which they learn values, principles, norms and notions about life.
It is also the social environment where children gain safety, respect and love. The family contributes to the construction of the identity and the personality of the child.
The primary goal of the family should be to prepare the child for a happy and successful adulthood.
This goal is achieved through integral education which enables them to face future problems in the best possible way. To achieve emotional and economic security.
To respect others and respect themselves. And finally to consolidate their self esteem.
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Types of families and children’s development
There are various types of families. The classification depends on the profile and the number of its members. A family can be:
1. Nuclear or two-parent family
It is made up of both parents and one or more children. It is the family that the company promotes. This is a typical family.
2. Extended family and child development
It is the family in which children live with other blood relatives or relatives, such as Grand parents, aunts, uncles, cousins and cousins. This family may or may not include the biological parents.
3. Single-parent family
In this type of family, the child or children are raised by only one of their parents, usually the mother. But there are cases when the children are brought up by the father. Some common causes are:
- Death of the mother during childbirth
- Separation of parents
- Lack of interest in raising a child
This happens when a couple decides to take in a child who has lost their family. Adoption occurs when a couple has failed to have children or simply by choice.
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5. Family of separated parents and children’s development
Unlike single-parent families, parents choose to live separately but continue to care for their children, being involved in their development and growth.
6. Blended family
This type of family is one where one of the two parents have one or more children from previous relationships. In this case, the children must live with their half-brothers or half-sisters.
7. Homoparental family and child development
It is made up of homosexual parents who adopt a child. Likewise, a homoparental family can be made up of two women who have opted for in vitro fertilization to have one or more children.
How important is the family in the development of children?
1. Education begins at home
Children spend much of their time with their parents from birth until around 4 years old.
During these years, parents teach their children habits, discipline and values. And while they are in school, children learn to develop skills and acquire knowledge.
2. Unconditional support
The family is an unparalleled support for children. The family will always be there in the happiest days, but also in the most difficult times, such as illness and important decisions.
No matter how many friends a child has, the family will always be there to provide full support.
3. Importance of tolerance towards others in children’s development
All family members are unique beings with different personalities.
Thanks to this, the child learns to coexist with different people, to respect and accept others. That way, when he needs to go outside, he doesn’t have a hard time interacting with strangers.
Learn to share
When the child grows up with his brothers and sisters, the family then teaches him to share, from candy, his most precious objects to the love of his parents. In this way, the child will not be selfish in his future interactions with society.
In short, beyond its typology, the importance of the family resides in the affection and the bond that exists between its members. It is therefore the strength of each member, the link that unites them.
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